Christian Perspective of the Nature of Spirituality and Ethics in Contrast to the Perspective of Postmodern Relativism within Health Care
Human beings are created through God to understand him, and God found himself in a unique and authoritative way via the Bible. God has embedded into his creation a moral structure and design that can be discovered by anyone who is looking for it, whether they are religious or not.Within the health care setting, nurses should be aware of their own spirituality to provide appropriate and relevant spiritual care to patients. Research has it that spirituality positively affects and improves physical and psychological health, quality of life, health promotion behaviors, and disease prevention activities. After establishing a trusting relationship with patients by the nurses, the patients reach a point of learning together, and spiritual caring occurs (Coleman, Hood, & Streib, 2018).
Nursing assessment of a patient’s spiritual life includes a review of the patient’s faith, connectedness, life and self-responsibility, life satisfaction, and fellowship and community. It is important to know a patient’s cultural background and assess his or her values about his or her health care problem and impending treatment. Spirituality is universal, and illness impacts spirituality. Nurse must be willing to assess and integrate patient beliefs into care. Nurse must be willing to consult with/refer to appropriate spiritual expert. Conducting a spiritual assessment is a powerful way to open up the topic of spirituality with a patient and/or the patient’s family. In order to do this, one can observe religious symbols the patients may be wearing, religious texts they carry, or simply by asking the patients questions about what is important to them (Taves, Asprem, & Ihm, 2018).