The Health Illness Continuum model created by John Travis in the 1972 represents a continuum from high level of wellness to premature death with the state of neutral at the midpoint. Most people consider themselves being in a state of neutral when they do not recognize signs or symptoms of any disease. When a person recognizes signs and symptoms of illness early in the disease process, and accesses treatment, the person has a better chance at regaining the state of being in a neutral point. ………………………………
Across the Health-Illness Continuum, health is seen as a graduated spectrum that cannot be divided-except arbitrarily into parts. A person’s position moves back and forth on the continuum with physiological changes, lifestyle choices, and the results of various therapies. The number one represents a state of being gravely ill, while ten represents excellent health (a person in peak form). The continuum is personal and dynamic (Arifa Nazar, n.d.).
From the neutral point, it takes three levels to the right for me to reach high-level wellness. These include awareness, education, and growth. But it normally takes three levels from the neutral point for me to go left to reach premature death. These are signs, symptoms, and disability. Wellness continuum helps differentiate between the medical concept of health and the wellness concept. In other words, the wellness continuum allows me to visualize the difference between wellness and the medical approaches to health (Arifa Nazar, n.d.).