Human person is a living being that comprises a real and existing power to direct its own development toward fulfillment through perfect, unconditional, and infinite truth, love, goodness, beauty, and unity. Few of the characteristics that are peculiar to personhood include the ability to recognize and love, self-reflect, and preferences, and these are given only as capacities at the outset of a human being’s existence. Based on the fact that embryo has these capacities, it must be respected as a person because of the types of being that it is, not for what it is able to achieve here and now. However, human beings are created in the image of God, given special talents and gifts (Kim, 2017).
There are many theories of moral status, and they can be differentiated into five groups commonly used by bioethics. According to Shepherd, J. (2018) five theories of moral status are human properties, cognitive properties, moral agency, sentience, and relationships (Shepherd, 2018). The concept of moral status which is agreeable with Christian perspective of the character of human persons is sentience. It is the consciousness in the form of feeling, mostly the capacity to feel pain and pleasure as differentiated from consciousness as perception or thought. This is enough condition of moral status, but not a necessary condition. Pain is evil, pleasure is good. To cause pain is to harm, and many beings can experience pain/suffering. Definitely, to harm these beings is to wrong them, even if harming can be justified circumstantially (Degrazia, 2020).